Population : 2.65 million
Language : English
Area :4,243 sq km
Major Industries :Tourism, bauxite, sugar, bananas, rum, coffee and chemicals
Currency :Jamaican dollar
Major Trading Partners :USA, Canada, UK, Netherlands, Norway
Government: independent state within the British Commonwealth
People :76% African descent, 15% Afro-European descent, 4% European, 3% Indian & Middle Eastern, 1% Afro-Chinese & Chinese
[coverattach=1]Jamaica is the third largest Island in the Caribbean. Official language is English. 90 miles south of Cuba and 550 miles south of Miami . It is approximately 4243 square miles in size. Its best beaches are on the north and west coast. Jamaica is mountainous in the interior, with a peak in the Blue Mountains of 7,402 feet . It has the seventh largest natural harbour in the world. Beautiful beaches can be found in every part of our island.
Jamaica 's population consists of African blacks, several Indian, Chinese, and European minorities. The official language of Jamaica is English, but "patois" is widely spoken. The climate is tropical with seasonal rainfall. Jamaica has more than 200 species of birds There are many kinds of reptiles. The Blue Mountains offer spectacular beauty, and the worlds finest coffee. In recent years tourism has grown to become the largest industry in Jamaica.
About one fourth of all Jamaicans depend upon agriculture for a living. Major crops include sugarcane, fruits, coffee, bananas, pimentos much of which is exported. Jamaica is one of the top producers of bauxite and alumina in the world. [coverattach=2]
The original inhabitants of Jamaica in modern times were the Arawak Indians. In the two centuries of Spanish rule that began with the arrival of Christopher Columbus on May 4, 1494. From 1509-1655 the island was inhabited by the Spanish. The Spanish brought large numbers of African slaves to the island. A British force invaded the country in 1655, and Jamaica remained a British colony until 1962. In 1962, Jamaica achieved its independence from England .
Jamaica is a parliamentary democracy. Jamaica belongs to the Commonwealth.