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This article investigates Japan-Malaysia economic relations pre and during the World War II period. It shows that there was considerable Japanese involment in Malaya in the pre WW II period.

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Alt 18.06.11, 09:29
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Standart Ties That Bind: Japan-Malaysian Economic Relations In Historical Perspective

This article investigates Japan-Malaysia economic relations pre and during the World War II period. It shows that there was considerable Japanese involment in Malaya in the pre WW II period. It is also found that this involment has been planned and supported by the Japanese goverment. In the WW II period, Japan aimed at establishing a small Japan in Malaya. Espically such a move towards this end was a part of the plan called 'Great Co-prosperity Project'.
INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this article is to show that Japan had an economic interest on the eve of Second World War and the inter - war years in Malaya, later Malaysia. It has, however, been asserted by certain Japanese scholars, such as Taro Yano, to be quite the contrary(1).
This research has been carried out in Malaysia, based on historical records and files which have been declassified, from the National Archieves of Malaysia. Therefore this research is a descriptive one.
Malayan-Japanese Economic Relations Up To The Japanese Occupation
Initial Malayan contacts with Japan were through Western powers before the Japanese closed their doors to foreigners during the period 1637-1868. The basic aim of this contacts was trade and control of trade routes. "The only foreign merchants who had visited Japan regularly were the Portuguesse. They carried on their trade between the port of Lisbon, Goa, Malacca, Macao and Nagasaki and elsewhere. They had made great profit, but they were not in the position to fill the demand of the whole of Japan for foreign products"(A. Hayma: 1942:139). Japan was also interested in trading directly with Malaya by sending its official trading ship, the Goshun-Sen(2). However, this ship only visited Malacca a few times yearly.
Malayan-japanese relations were given greater impetus with the Meiji Restoration (1868-1912), carried out by samurai-bureaucrats who constituted the venguard for the establishment of Japan's modern states(E.H. Norman: 1983:2). Subsequenta capital accumulation by Japanese industries were helped by taxation, credit creation worker explaitation and avoidance of control by foreign capital(Norman: Ibid: 14-19). State sponsorship of industries was partly intended to pre-empt foreign ownership and to compensate for inadequate private industrial entrepreneurship. One eventual consequence of this policy was direct competition with Western powers such as the British in Malaya.
Japanese industrialization in the Meiji period had an impact on Southeast Asia (Norman: Ibid: 19-25). Industrialization progressed in stages from light industries to a second stage of general expansion of heavy industry around the time of the Russo- Japanese War (1905). This required a considerable expansion of mining, with the Japanese starting to show an interest in Malayan iron ore. These policies were aimed at protecting Japan's economy from foreign domination. Furthermore, Japan's lack of natural resources as well as the need for markets for her products required an expansion into Southeast Asia, including Malaya. After the Meiji regime opened its doors to the external world, the Japanese began to come to Malaya. Buy the end of the Meiji period, the Japanese population in Malaya amounted to arround 4.000(Y.C.Leng:1973:3).
business-mix-(11).jpg
Mehmet Sami DENKER
Assoc.Prof.Dr. The author currently attach to Selçuk University, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. He is also associated member of Malaysian Social Science Association
Eklenmiş Dosya
Dosya tipi: pdf mehmetsami1.pdf (129,0 KB (Kilobyte), 1x kez indirilmiştir)
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